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World news in brief: Non-communicable diseases in emergencies, aid plan for Haiti, peace efforts in CAR

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NCDs are responsible for 75 percent of deaths worldwide, and strokes and heart attacks are estimated to be up to three times more likely following a disaster, they said.

To save more lives, they are meeting this week in Denmark to ensure that care and treatment of noncommunicable diseases is an integral part of preparedness and response to humanitarian emergencies.

Conditions deteriorate during crisis

“People living with NCDs during humanitarian crises are more likely to have their condition worsen due to trauma, stress or inability to access medicines or services. » said the head of the World Health Organization (WHO). Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The WHO convened the three-day meeting alongside Denmark, Jordan, Kenya and the UN refugee agency UNHCR, which opened in Copenhagen on Tuesday.

The number of crises affecting the health of populations is increasing, they reported.

Last year, WHO responded to 65 classified health emergencies around the world, up from 40 a decade earlier. UNHCR also issued 43 emergency declarations to increase its support in 29 countries – the highest number in decades.

The UN estimates that 300 million people worldwide will need humanitarian assistance and protection in 2024, more than half of whom will need emergency health assistance.

Families gather at a site for displaced people in Tabarre, Haiti.

Families gather at a site for displaced people in Tabarre, Haiti.

$674 million humanitarian plan for Haiti

We are heading to Haiti, where the UN, government and partners launched a $674 million plan this year to address humanitarian needs.

The plan aims to provide food, shelter, health, education and protection services to 3.6 million people, said UN spokesperson Stéphane Dujarric speaking in New York on Tuesday.

He said this comes against the backdrop of a serious protection crisis for millions of people in Haiti.

In 2023, the country saw the highest number of murders, kidnappings, lynchings and sexual assaults in the last five years. Additionally, nearly one in two Haitians suffer from food insecurity and basic services are on the verge of collapse.

Rights expert praises peace efforts in Central African Republic

An expert appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council has urged the government of the Central African Republic (CAR) to continue its efforts towards peace and stability.

Yao Agbetse, independent expert on human rights in CAR, concluded a 10-day visit to the country on Tuesday.

He welcomed efforts by the Government to extend security to significant parts of the territory, while highlighting the challenges that remain beyond urban areas.

“Despite progress, daily insecurity persists due to armed groups holed up in remote areas, including forests and mining sites,” he said in a statement.

The rights expert cited recent incidents, such as an attack on the village of Nzakoundou, located in Lim-Pendé prefecture, where the 3R armed group allegedly targeted army checkpoints, causing civilian casualties and deaths.

Call for responsibility

Condemning the violence, he stressed the importance of holding perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity to account.

“The use of explosive devices in various prefectures has further aggravated the situation, causing civilian casualties, with children particularly affected, and disrupting essential activities such as schooling and agricultural activities,” he added. .

He also called for support for mine clearance efforts, urging technical and financial partners to provide assistance to the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) and integrate mine clearance specialists into the UN peacekeeping mission in the country, MINUSCA.

The independent experts are part of the so-called special procedures of the UN Human Rights Council, which is headquartered in Geneva.

They receive their mandates from the Council, are not UN staff and receive no remuneration for their work.

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